Minggu, Februari 21, 2010


You have all heard of the place, some of you have probably been there. It is a volcano and it is especially famous for the beautiful sunrise that you can see from its rim. Just make sure you are there at dawn. People who have been there will tell you to go in the dry season. You will then have a better chance of seeing a blood-red sunrise.

To reach the rim of the volcano you will have to cross a vast sea of sand. You can walk or ride a pony, but going on horseback is much easier and faster. The trip takes about one and a half hours. At the end of this sea of sand, you can enjoy the beautiful sunrise, but some visitors prefer to be on the rim, at the very top of the mountain. The only way up is to climb a long fight of steps--246 steps, to be exact. What you get to see is worth all the effort : a stunning view all around you, and a memorable sunrise in the east. You can also the crater, which gives off the smell of rotten eggs and makes rumbling noises, as if awaiting its time to erupt.

The Tenggerese, who live in the small villages around the area, believe the crater is the home of the gods. Once a year, they hold the Kesada Festival. Starting at midnight, they stage a scared ceremony to please the mountain gods. While carrying torches, they burn incense, chant prayers, and offer animal sacrifices, which they throw into the crater. The Tenggerese think that if they carry out the ceremony every year, the gods will be happy, and the volcano will not erupt and destroy their villages.

The legend goes that the Tenggerese are descendants of Dadaputih and his wife. The Tenggerese regard the place as sacred and have worshipped it ever since. The name of the mountain is Mount Bromo.

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